Before calculating the quantity of steel in one way slab it is essential to clarify the basic concepts. The one-way slab steel quantity calculation is done according to its supporting conditions. The one-way slab is supported on two beams and then to the columns of the building.
The bars we use in the Tension zone of the slab are called Bent bars. Technically in the slab, we give two different names to these bars (Main and distribution bar).
Main Reinforcementsbars we provide in the shorter span of the slabs and the bars will along the longer span of the slab. In the long span of the slab, the steel we provide is known as Distribution steel which doesn’t help to carry any type of load and the only function is to distribute the load or counter the shrinkage stresses.
For your better understanding let’s take this example.
Suppose we have a one-way slab, which has a length of 5 m or a width of 2 m (clear span). The Main bars will be 12 mm in diameter with 100 mm c/c spacing. The Distribution bars will be 8 mm in diameter with 125 mm c/c spacing. The Clear cover will be 25 mm (Top or Bottom) and the thickness of the slab will be 150 mm.
1. Calculate the quantity of steel?
2. Calculate the weight of steel?
QUANTITY OF STEEL IN ONE-WAY SLAB FORMULA SOLUTION
Length = 5 m (5000 mm).
Width = 2 m (2000 mm).
Main Bar = 12 mm @ 100 mm c/c.
Distribution Bar = 8 mm @ 125 mm c/c.
Clear cover = 25 mm from (Top and Bottom).
Thickness = 150 mm
The quantity is done in two steps.
Step 1. (Calculation of Bars No)
First, calculate the number of bars required (main and distribution both).
FORMULA = (Total length – Clear cover)/center to center spacing + 1