The quantity of plaster calculation is very easy just need your concentration. The following points you always remember at the site when you need to calculate the plaster quantity means (water, cement and sand).
For wall plaster generally ratio we use = 1: 6 (1 part of cement and 6 part of sand).
For Roof plaster mainly ratio we use = 1: 4 (1 part of cement and 4 part of sand).
The thickness of plaster is between = 12 mm to 15 mm.
Always use Good quality of cement (Different grades of cement) as well as good quality sand.
Always use measuring box for measuring the quantity of sand and cement at the site.
For your better understanding let’s solve this example and find the results.
Suppose we have an Area of the 200-meter square (Length, Width) over that area we need to perform plaster and the ratio of cement and sand we are using 1: 4 and the thickness of plaster will be 13 mm.
1. So calculate the required quantity of water, Cement and Sand use in this plaster?
Plaster Thickness = 13 mm = 0.013 m <Remarks 1 m = 1000 mm>
Area = 200 meter square
Ratio = 1: 4
First, we calculate the volume of the plaster (Wet volume) and the volume we calculated is a wet volume (water+wastage+bulking of sand) then we convert this volume into the dry volume. After calculating the volume we just find the quantity of cement, Sand and water required in this plasterwork according to these given data.
The volume of cement mortar required = (Area of Plaster x Thickness)
Volume of cement mortar required = 200 x 0.013
Volume of cement mortar required = 2.6 (wet volume)
So 2.6-meter cube is a wet volume of cement mortar (with water). But we need dry volume to get dry volume to consider 20% bulking of the sand and 15% Wastage of the sand at the site.
=2.6 meter cube x (1 + 0.2 + 0.15) <Remarks 20/100 % = 0.20 or just multiply by 1.35 >
=3.51 (dry Volume).
Cement: = (Dry volume x Ratio x Density of cement)/Sum of ratio
Cement : = (3.51 x 1 x 1440)/5 < Density of cement is 1440 kg/meter cube >
Cement : = 1010.88 kg /50 < 1 bag of cement is 50 kg >
Cement : = 20.21 bags
Sand: = (Dry volume x Ratio x 35.3147)/Sum of ratio
Sand : = (3.51 x 4 x 35.3147)/5 < 1 meter cube = 35.3147 cubic feet >
Sand : = 99.16 Cubic feet.
Water : = (Weight of cement x water cement ratio)
Water : = 1010.88 x 0.5 < 0.5 kg water every 1 kg of Cement >
Water : = 505.4 kg or 505.4 Litters.
Cement := 1010.88 kg
Sand: = 99.16 cubic feet
Water: = 505.4 Litters
So these quantities are going to use in a 13 mm thick plaster.
Note: The water-cement ratio 0.5 is not fixed it depends on the which type of plaster is going to do or the compressive strength we get after fixing the water-cement ratio in 1: 4 mix.
WATCH THIS ARTICLE VIDEO:
You can watch this video for your better understanding. The video is in Hindi or in Urdu. The dimensions are changed but the method is the same. You can all so able to visit this channel the link of this channel was below.